A frenum is a naturally occurring muscle attachment, most commonly noted between the front teeth (either upper or lower). It connects the inner aspect of the lip with the gum. A lack of attached gingiva, in conjunction with a high (closer to the biting surface) frenum attachment, which exaggerates the pull on the gum margin, can result in recession. Additionally, an especially high frenum can prevent the teeth from coming together resulting in a gap between the front teeth. If pulling of the gum line is present, or the frenum is too large to allow the teeth to come together, the frenum is surgically released from the gum with a frenectomy. A frenectomy is simply the surgical removal of a frenum. This may be accomplished in a standard surgical procedure, or using a laser to painlessly remove the muscle pull.
When Orthodontic treatment is planned or initiated, the removal of an abnormal frenum, with or without a gingival graft, can increase stability and improve success of the final orthodontic result.