Over a period of time, the jaw bone associated with missing teeth atrophies or is reabsorbed. This often leaves a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for placement of dental implants. In these situations, most patients are not candidates for placement of dental implants. Today, we have the ability to grow bone where needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.
A ridge augmentation is a common dental procedure often performed following a tooth extraction to help recreate the natural contour of the gums and jaw that may have been lost due to bone loss as a result of a tooth extraction, or for another reason. The alveolar ridge of the jaw is the bone that surrounds the roots of teeth. When a tooth is removed, an empty socket is left in the alveolar ridge bone. Usually this empty socket will heal on its own, filling with bone and tissue.
Bone morphogenic protein (BMP) is a human recombinant protein that induces stem cells in our body to become bone-forming cells and grow new bone. BMP is soaked onto and binds with a collagen sponge, which resorbs, or disappears, over time and is placed in the surgical site where new bone is desired. As the sponge dissolves, the bone morphogenic protein is released locally and recruits cells to the area and induces certain cells to become bone-forming cells. The BMP also goes away once it has completed its task of jump starting the normal bone healing process.
Drs. Pollack, Odrich and Sarmiento provide a variety of surgical services for the treatment of periodontal issues. We pride ourselves on the fact that we are very conservative in our treatment recommendations and limit surgery to the areas where it is absolutely necessary. Many times, the early stages of periodontal disease are best treated with non-surgical periodontal therapy. Even in severe cases, non-surgical periodontal therapy often precedes to surgical therapy. This is done to improve the overall tissue quality prior to surgery and also to help limit the areas requiring surgery.